Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Theodore Crittenden, 7th MSM USV
(1832 KY-1909 MO)
Original Member of the Missouri Commandery of MOLLUS


Photo: MO Commandery of MOLLUS, Circular No.364, 01Apr1910
Original Photo from the MO Commandery of MOLLUS Photograph collection
Located at the Missouri State Historical Society Library and Archives, St. Louis, MO

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Thomas Theodore Crittenden was born Jan. 1, 1832 in Shelby Co., KY the son of ??. He was of the widely known family of that name, his grandfather John Crittenden (1754-1809) having been a Major in Continental Army during the Revolutionary War and a member of Virginia House of Burgesses 1790-1805, and his uncle, John Jordan Crittenden (1786-1863) having been Governor of Kentucky, US Senator, and a US Attorney General. Thomas was graduated from Centre College, at Danville, in 1855, and studied law under his distunguished uncle. In 1856 he was married to Miss Carrie W. Jackson at Frankfort and in 1859 moved with his family to Lexington, MO, where he soon became one of the foremost members of the bar. On May 2, 1862, he was commissioned Lieutenant Colonel of the 7th MSM Cav. USV, continuing in the service until mustered out March 20, 1865. During Gen. Schofiled's campaign in Arkansas in the fall of 1862 he commanded the regiment and participated in the battle of Battle Creek in October. Engaged in post duty and fighting bushwackers in Southeast Missouri until December, when returned to Arkansas and was stationed at Elkhorn Tavern until Jan. 06, 1863, when he followed Marmaduke in his attack on Springfield, MO, and thence to Hartshorn. In the fall of 1863 he fought Shelby's command in the raid through Missouri, near Tipton, Boonville, Marshal and westward. He fought bushwackers and irregular bands through the winter and summer of 1863-4, until the fall of 1864. During the Price campaign the 7th MSM Cav. USV formed part of Pleasanton's division, Thomas being in command of the reigment as Colonel and in commanded of a brigade. He participated in the battle of Blue and Little Osage, capturing Generals Marmaduke and Cable, and a large number of officers and men. Thereafter was he in command of the post at Warrensburg, MO, until mustered out. After the return to civil life he was highly honored by the people of Missouri. He was Attorney General of Missouri by appointment of Governor Willard P. Hall in 1864. He served two terms as a member of the US Congress ending in 1879, as Governor of the State of Missouri from 1881 to 1885, Consul General at the City of Mexico by appointment of President Cleveland from 1893 to 1897, and finally at the date of his death May 29, 1909, he was filling the office of Referee in Bankruptcy at Kansas City, MO. During his term as Governor he broke up the notorious band of guerillas and train robbers headed by Frank and Jesse James. Thomas had the following children: Thomas Theodore Crittenden Jr. (b.23Dec1863 near Springfield; d.31Jul1938 Kansas City, MO), and ??. Thomas died May 29, 1909 in Kansas City, MO and is buried at the Forest Hill Cemetery, Kansas City, MO. Lt. Colonel Thomas Theodore Crittenden, 7th MSM USV was elected a Companion the MO Commandery Feb. 6, 1904, Insignia #14190.

Sources:
1) MO Commandery of MOLLUS, Circular No.364, 01Apr1910
2) Membership Records of the MO Commandery of MOLLUS
3) The Political Graveyard
4) Biographical Directory of the United States Congress for Thomas Theodore Crittenden

Copyright (c) 2000 Douglas Niermeyer, MO Commandery of the MOLLUS