Lieutenant Colonel John Baptiste GANDOLFO, 178TH NY Vet. Inf. USV
(1842 ITALY-1922 MO)
Original Member of the Missouri Commandery of MOLLUS

MO Commandery of MOLLUS Photograph Collection
Original Photo from the MO Commandery of MOLLUS Photograph collection
Located at the Missouri State Historical Society Library and Archives, St. Louis, MO

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John Baptiste Gandolfo was born at Allasio, Italy, November 25, 1842. He emigrated from Italy to America at the age of 6 in 1849.

He entered the service in the Civil war as a Sergeant of Co. E 9th NY Infy USV (also known as the Hawkins Zouaves), May 4, 1861 and mustered out at expiration of term of enlistment, May 20, 1863. On August 22, 1863 he was again mustered into the service as Captain of Co. F 178h NY Veteran Infy USV, and was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the same Regiment, August 20, 1864.

His military service was active and meritorious and won the commendation of his superior officers. He was in command of the regiment in the Vicksburg campaign, commanded 3 regiments in the capture of Fort Blakely in the Mobile campaign, and participated in Sherman's March through Georgia.

For gallant and meritorious service in the battle of Nashville, TN, and siege and capture of Fort Blakely, one of the defenses of Mobile, AL, he was recommended for Brevet Brigadier General by Major General Garrard, his Division Commander, which recommendation was approved by Major General A. J. Smith, commanding the 16th A. C. and by Major General Canby, commanding the Army of the Gulf. He was assigned to the command of the Post of Montgomery, AL, in March, 1866, and was mustered out with his regiment, April 20, 1866.

His record as a citizen has been equally active and meritorious. He came to St. Louis, MO in 1870, and at once entered a business career than won for him a place in the front rank of the business men of the city, and he leaves behind him an honored name, held in high esteem by all who knew him. He was sent by the Board of Trade to Washington, DC, where he was instrumental in having Jefferson Barracks retained as an Army Post. He served on the Board of Trade for many years and served as President of the Provident Association. In 1875 he founded the first mill west of the Mississippi to make self-rising flour, giving his company the name the Gandalfo-Ghio Manufacturing Co. After retiring in 1912 he was an Inspector to the Street Department from 1912 until his death in 1922.

He was elected a Companion of MOLLUS through the Commandery of the State of Illinois, February 6, 1884, and transferred to the Commandery of the State of Missouri as a Charter Member, October 21, 1885. Insignia #2818. He was elected Commander of the MO Commandery, May 1918. He was also a member of the Frank P. Blair post No.1 GAR, associated with the Elizabeth Noble Circle No.4 LGAR, and the UCT.

He was married to Roslie Marian in 1867. She died in 1916. He died of pneumonia at the city hospital at in St. Louis, MO March 23, 1922, 11:55 AM. and was buried at the National Cemetery at Jefferson Barracks.

1) MO Commandery of MOLLUS, Circular No.582, 4April1922
2) Membership Records of the MO Commandery of MOLLUS
3) Commandery-in-Chief of MOLLUS 1890 Meeting Banquet Program, St. Louis, MO
4) St. Louis Globe Democrat, 24Mar1922
5) St. Louis Post Dispatch 24Mar1922

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