Lt. Colonel Frederick William Schaurte, 2nd Regiment Cherokee Indian Brigade USV
Captain 2nd US Cav. and Brevet Captain, Major, and Lt. Colonel USA
(1836 Germany-1910 CA)
Original Member of the Missouri Commandery of MOLLUS


MO Commandery of MOLLUS, Circular No.385, 25Jan1911
Original Photo from the MO Commandery of MOLLUS Photograph collection
Located at the Missouri State Historical Society Library and Archives, St. Louis, MO

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Frederick William Schaurte was born December 3, 1836 in Cologne, Germany the son of ?? Schaurte. His father was in his youth a sword maker and he afterwards spent 12 or 15 years in the artillery branch of the Germany Army, and later served as an official in the German Postal Service. At the age of 11 years, resenting the severity of parental authority, Frederick William left home and with a short interval for seven years he followed the avocation of a sailor, his last voyage being from Antwerp to New York. He finally concluded to settle in this country and in November, 1854, he enlisted in the United States Army, was assigned to the 2nd US Infy. In 1856 he attained the rank of Orderly Sergeant. Untill 1860 he was in command engaged in campaigns against hostile Indians: Sioux, Kiowas, and Comanches.

Under command of Captain Nathaniel Lyon he was sent with two companies to Kansas to suppress the John Brown insurrection. In the spring of 1861 he was commissioned 1st Lt. 6th KS Cav. and promoted to Captain June 24, 1862. He mustered out August 10, 1862. The June previous he had been commissioned 2nd Lt. 2nd US Cav., and was made 1st Lt. in April, 1863. In November, 1862 he was commissioned by President Lincoln as Lieutenant Colonel 2nd Regiment Cherokee Indian Brigade. He was mustered out of the volunteer service May 31, 1865. Commissioned as Captain 2nd US Cav. August 31, 1866. On March 13, 1865, he received the brevets of Captain, Major, and Lieutenant Colonel for gallant and meritorious service during the war. He resigned his commission in the Army May 7, 1867.

Col. Schaurte's service duringthe Civil War was on the border and in the Southwest, in detached commands, in encounters with men with men of reckless courage. His personal bravery and narrow escapes from death earned for him the affectionate and suggestive sobriquet of "Skeeny" among the Indians of the Cherokee Brigade, meaning the devil. His military record may be summed up in the statement that he was never wounded, never in hospital, never under arrest, and never absent when duty called.

For a time after leaving the Army he was a planted in Arkansas. He was then appointed Post Office Inspector, having under supervision the states of Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas. He served in this capacity for seventeen years. In 1885 he was appointed Claim Agent of the St. Louis and Southwestern R. R., and afterwards Purchasing Agent of the same line. When the office was transferred to the MIssouri Pacific System he retired from the active business. He was in poor health for a number of years, spending his winters in California where he died.

He was married in October, 1866 to Antoninette Wilcox of Van Buren AR and had one child, Antoninette Wilcox Schaurte who married in 1893 to James M. Breckenridge, of St. Louis, MO (their children being Ruth-Antoninette, Elsa, Frederick Schaurte, and Malcolm Pettus. Frederick died December 2, 1910 in Santa Ana, CA.

Lieutenant Colonel Frederick William Schaurte, 2nd Regiment Cherokee Indian Brigade USV was elected a Companion the MO Commandery, Insignia #4990 and was a member of the Commandery for nearly twenty-five years. He was a generous loyal friend and a multitude of men far and wide will retain of him an affectionate remembrance.

Sources:
1) MO Commandery of MOLLUS, Circular No.385, 25Jan1911
2) Membership Records of the MO Commandery of MOLLUS

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